Category: Logic

Argument from Authority and Majority

You’ve probably heard the majority of scientists believe something, therefore it must be true. After all, the science is settled. Should we accept it because the majority of highly trained and experienced scientists believe it to be so?

The Intersection of Philosophy and Theology

The introduction to logic noted logic’s basic rule: the law of non-contradiction — something can’t be true and false at the same time. In spite of how obvious that is, it’s surprising how often someone argues…

Formal Fallacies

Formal fallacies are the dry things you should have learned in high school. Unfortunately they're still important to understand, as they're committed quite often.

Logic 101 — Introduction

The ability to think clearly (logic) isn't taught in school much anymore. Perhaps that's why we see so many people easily duped.

The Fatal Flaw in Deutero-Isaiah

The Deutero-Isaiah hypothesis is an absurd idea and is trivially easy to disprove. Instead, they rely on the the old standby: hand-waving.

Logic 101 — Avoiding DoubleThink

Doublethink as defined by Orwell is defined as the ability to hold conflicting ideas and accept both of them. As absurd as that sounds, it frequently occurs, and is something to be avoided.

Is Hell Immoral?

The idea a loving God would *never* send people to hell leads to incorrect conclusions. Hell is not immoral.

Truth Isn’t Relative

Value relativism is the idea truth is a personal thing, and your truth isn’t necessarily anyone else’s truth.

Atheism and Confirmation Bias

A reader sent me an article called “Belief and the Brain’s God Spot,” which stated “belief in a higher power is an evolutionary asset that helps human survival.” Stunning. A textbook example of confirmation bias — the logical error of seeing any data as proof of your cause.

The Problem of Evil

Atheists try to escape the absurdity of their position by silly arguments, some even go so far to attempt *proof* God doesn’t exist. But those attempts always fail as they fall into the same logical problem.

Post-modern Philosophy and the Church

Post-modern what? Exactly — you need a bit of background to understand how people claiming to be Christians can deny so much of what the Bible actually says, justifying the contradiction by an infection of post-modern philosophy.

Do You Make These 5 Mistakes in Conversation?

We all make logical mistakes everyday. However, once you recognize the common five, you'll make them less and less.

Political Correctness Contradictions

The politically correct crowd likes to boast about tolerance and acceptance of others, but if you’ve ever disagreed with them you’ll quickly discover how far their intolerance will go to defend their anti-definition of tolerance.

Logical Error: Confirmation Bias and Cognitive Dissonance

Everyone has bias. The trick is not letting those ideas prevent you from seeing the truth.

Logical Errors: Argument from Authority

The argument from authority is one of the most common errors, usually said like most doctors agree... Learn to spot (and avoid) this error.

Never Underestimate a Person's Ability to Rationalize

Chuck Missler says never underestimate a person’s ability to rationalize, or justify the unjustifiable, or attempt (poorly) to reconcile contradictory beliefs.

An Exercise in Logic

How often do you see these common logical errors in clear thinking?

Beware Authority of Scholars

Christians are warned in the Bible to do their own homework and check things out for themselves. Many dangers exist for those failing to perform their own research, but one of the more common arises as the “argument from authority” error, frequently used in advertising as you see a doctor promoting a car or something else (Remember the Camel ads? “What cigarette do you smoke, Doctor?” More Doctors smoke Camels than any other cigarette). Obviously, a doctor doesn’t necessarily have any more expertise in automotive matters than anyone else. Advertising sometimes seeks to make a subtle connection between the two, “trust me, I’m a doctor.”

The Question of Beginnings

Perhaps one of the oldest questions is how did I get here? You have 4 choices.


“Freethinking” may be popular, but it’s an oxymoron as so-called freethinkers exclude things they won’t talk about or consider (god).

Proof for God's Existence

Proofs for God's existence (or not) will never really satisfy. If God exists, He's by definition supernatural, so natural proofs won't ever be possible.

What is Doublethink?

We’ve referred to doublethink several times, but many have asked what exactly it consists of. Surely it doesn’t really exist, as Orwell wrote a fictionalized account of a future government in “1984”. No, it really exists…

Pseudo-Scholarship even Atheists Dismiss

Scholars occasionally display such absurd ideas it's hard to believe anybody falls for them.

Didactic and Dialectic Thought

Didactic versus dialectic isn't an abstract debate. It affects you in everyday conversation. Ever wonder why some people won't hold to normal definitions? They're likely recently educated in government schools, and haven't been taught how to think clearly and logically.

The "Big Tent" Myth

We received an email recently comparing two religions and asking if God was the same, why the different messages (specifically about who Jesus is). But implicit in the question is one assumption: religions speak of the same god, and in spite of differences, have the same core foundation.

Copyright ©Frames of Reference LLC 1998–2020